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THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (1st year LMD)

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THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (1st year LMD)

Post by dah_men on Sat Dec 25, 2010 1:10 pm

THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
DEFINITION
research is a formal ,systematic,intensive processe used in the
investigation of a problem . In the educational realm, it may be
carried on by an individual ,team or organization it may be conducted
in a class,school,or community.Research is not limited to a laboratory
setting.
THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH TO RESEARCH
Generally ,the quest for truth takes a person to one of five major sources of evidence
tradition ; learned authority ,personal experience
logicalreasoning ;scientific investigation
a
review of the history of the development of research technology will
reveal that theses sources are listed here chronologically .Because the
last two sources offer will be limited to scientific inquirry
the
scientific method involves a double movement of though the investigator
directs his attention from the partially known and oftentimes confused
information learned from observation previous investigations reflective
thinking and so on toward a meaningful whole or generalization secondly
he moves back from this suggested whole or generalization to the
particular parts in order to connect these with one another in a
meaningful pattern the first of these movements is INDUCTIVE the second
DEDUCTIVE .The process of thinking is considired complete when the
investigator moves to and from a meaning with appropriates interaction
of his REASONING PROCESS occurring between recollected consederation
and far -reaching general meanings
On the one hand induction is a
movement toward the discovery of some principle while on the other hand
deduction is a movement toward the testing of this principle for
exemple confirming,accepting,modifying insofar as the investigator is
able to interpret isolated details and see them in the light of
organizing principle he will find valid relationships
TYPES OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
we have three main types of research according to the aim
research
that aims to discover the truth this research is used in general to
treat social political economic problems however here we may not find
solutions only if we discover the reality of problems and situations
Research
that gives critical explanations in this type the researcher tries to
arrive at a results s relying on logic and the gathered data
The complete research includes both types
AIMES OF RESEARCH
the chief purposes for conducting research are
to determine the status of phenomena past and present
to
ascertain the nature composition and processes that characterize
selected phenomena to trace growth developmental history change and
status of certain phenomena
to study the cause and effect relationships among and between certain phenomena
NOTE
althrough
man has not yet devised any perfect method of finding solutions to
problems deemed worthy of investigation progress has been made there
has been a gradual transition from seeking knowledge based purely on
custom tradition authority and personal experience to appealing for
evidence based on reasoning and scientific inquirry
CHARACERISTICS OF THE RESEARCHER

patience knowledge and culture including reading open mind mastery of the used language mastery of other languages
scientific doubt
scientific
spirit the researcher has to be just respecting others' views fair and
honest working hard and helping people and doing things for nation and
country objective avoiding subjectivity and bias
able to organize ;avoid controversy
be brave especially in confessing mistakes

dah_men
Admin

Level of Education : 3rd year LMD
Posts : 63
Join date : 2010-12-20
Age : 27
Location : Chlef

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